Sacramento County Public Health is working with Methodist Hospital of Sacramento to investigate potential exposures to an individual with active tuberculosis (TB) who spent time in the facility. The affected person is currently isolated and receiving treatment to prevent the spread of TB.
Health officials are working with the hospital leadership, in consultation with California Department of Public Health, to assess patients, visitors and staff to determine who may have been exposed to the TB germ. There were periods of exposure in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from August 23rd to September 3rd by a visitor. Parents of exposed babies are currently being contacted, while others potentially exposed will be contacted within the next few days.
In accordance with State and Federal laws that protect patient confidentiality, no specific information about the individual with active TB will be released.
Contact investigations, like this one currently under way, are an important step in stopping the spread of TB. Any patients, visitors or staff determined to have been exposed will be evaluated and given appropriate treatment, if needed. Olivia Kasirye, MD, MS, Health Officer, Sacramento County states, “Although it may be a new experience for the patients, visitors and staff to the hospital, contact investigations are a regular activity for Sacramento County Public Health TB Program staff, who receive new active TB disease cases regularly each month. TB is preventable and curable.”
For general TB information, visit www.cdc.gov/tb/. During business hours, Sacramento County residents can contact Sacramento County Public Health at (916) 875-5881.
ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND INFORMATION
TB is a serious, treatable, and slow-growing bacterial lung disease. It is transmitted person-to-person through microscopic droplets that enter the air while coughing, sneezing, talking or singing. The most common way to become infected with TB germs is by spending a lot of time in enclosed air spaces with a person who has active TB disease.
TB is a disease that, by law, must be reported to the local Public Health Department. Upon notification of the TB disease diagnosis, public health nurses act immediately working with the patient and family members to list all of the places they have spent time and all of people with whom they have been in close contact. Public health staff will identify and test individuals who may have come in contact with the TB germ. Infection with TB can occur with prolonged indoor contact in an enclosed air space with the person who has active TB.
There is a difference between TB infection and active TB disease. Most people who test positive for TB have TB infection.
People with TB infection:
• Do not have disease and are not sick because the germ is inactive
• Do have the TB germ in their body
• Cannot spread the germ to others
• Over their lifetime, adults with TB infection have about a 10% risk of developing active TB disease if untreated. The risk of developing active TB is much higher in infants and immunocompromised persons.
People with Active TB disease:
• Develop active TB from untreated TB infection
• Are ill from the germs that are active in their body
• May cough a lot, feel weak, have a fever, lose weight, cough up blood, or sweat a lot at night
• Are contagious and are capable of giving the infection to others, until they are treated, have repeated
tests, and are cleared for public contact by a doctor
• Can be treated and cured.